Some information that will help you make a healthy diet plan if you have diabetes.

Every seven seconds a person in the world is diagnosed with diabetes. Diabetes kills more than 1 million people worldwide every year. Anyone can develop diabetes. Diabetes occurs when the body fails to break down all the sugar (glucose) in the blood.  Due to this complication, people can have heart attack, strokes. Diabetes can lead to blindness, kidney damage and sometimes amputation of various body parts.

Due to changing lifestyle diabetes is increasing in our life along with other complications.  To keep it under control, you have to think about food first.  Because diabetes can be controlled through food management.

Navigating Carbohydrates, Diabetes Management, Heart Health, Glycemic Index, Medication and Nutrition, Diabetes Diet.

The purpose of keeping the blood sugar level correct is-

  • Maintaining normal body metabolism
  • Keeping body weight normal
  • Prevent complications of diabetes
  • Remaining functional, maintaining reproductive capacity, not hindering social life etc.

Sweet foods come first among controlled foods.  For example, do not eat sugar, molasses, honey and glucose. Apart from this, intake of meat or protein and fat or fat in normal amounts. Eat every three to three and a half hours between breakfast and bedtime. There should be a harmony between medicine and food. 

Navigating Carbohydrates for Diabetes Management

Carbohydrates that are absorbed slowly are complex or polysaccharides.  Wholemeal bread, brown rice, corn bran, dates, vegetables and fruits are complex carbohydrates. If one needs to increase the sugar in the food then it can be increased with such sugars.  It will not increase diabetes.  Meanwhile, sugars that are absorbed quickly are sugary fruits without fiber, milk, brown rice, flour. These are disaccharides.  Such sugars should always be consumed in limited amounts. And, not all sugary foods raise blood sugar equally. Blood sugar can increase over time and the density of food. Diabetics have no restrictions on non-vegetarian food. Adults need 1-0.8g of non-vegetarian food per kg of body weight per day.  High protein needs for children, underweight, malnourished, pregnant and lactating mothers, burn patients.  Non-vegetarian foods raise blood sugar very slowly. Experts recommend that 12-20 percent of total calories should come from meat.

Understanding the Impact of Dietary Fat on Diabetes and Heart Health

It has been proven that a high fat diet causes many other diseases including heart disease.  It is also associated with diabetes.  If more fat is stored in the gut, sugar absorption is reduced.  As a result, controlling diabetes becomes difficult. There are two types of fat. Saturated and unsaturated fats. Saturated fats are ghee, butter, meat fat, cream, milk etc. Unsaturated fats are vegetable oils and fish oils. Olive and almond oils are monounsaturated fats. They raise blood fat very slightly. Soybean, corn and sunflower oils are polyunsaturated fats. They reduce plasma cholesterol. Fish fat is Docosahexaenoic acid or DHA. These are called beneficial fats. According to the American Heart Association, it is best to have no more than 10 percent fat in the daily diet. Since coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death in diabetic patients. So be careful about saturated fat.

Dietary fiber helps control diabetes as it is digested slowly.  For this, 20-30 grams of fiber should be in the food daily.  Fibrous foods are fruits with their skins, gram flour, pulses, pectin (which is in the skin of fruits), guar gum (bean extract), wholemeal flour, red rice etc.


Mastering the Glycemic Index for Effective Diabetes Management


In case of diabetes, looking at the glycemic index of the food provides benefits.  Foods that are digested and absorbed quickly and raise blood glucose levels are foods with a high GI.  Such as white bread, sugar, honey, fruit juice, atapchal, pantha etc.  Eating them increases the need for insulin.  On the other hand, New GI foods require less insulin.  Because they are slowly absorbed and raise blood sugar.  Such as red coarse rice, bran flour, vegetables, pulses and whole fruits. Meanwhile, protein and fat remain within the low GI. After being diagnosed with diabetes, a specific diet should be followed and the disease should be understood.  If you are unable to eat normal food due to illness, you should eat liquid food such as soup, sago barley, milk etc. There is no fasting at all.

Dispelling Myths and Clarifying Realities in Diabetes Diet

There are many misconceptions about diet in diabetes.  For example, eating more sweets or sugar causes diabetes.  Actually eating more sweets does not cause diabetes.  Sugary foods.  Rice, bread, these are also sugary foods.  Insulin, a hormone secreted from the pancreas located inside the stomach, breaks down blood sugar or glucose to generate energy in the body.  If insulin is not secreted from the pancreas or is reduced, the amount of glucose or sugar in the blood increases.  This condition is diabetes.  Diabetes occurs when insulin does not work for any reason.  So it is not true that diabetes will be caused by eating more sweets.  However, eating too many sweets at once will suddenly increase blood glucose levels and put extra pressure on the pancreas.  Then it’s a problem.  Also, more sweets means more calories.  In that case, if you do not walk or exercise properly, those calories will accumulate in the body and the body will become fat.  It will increase the risk of diabetes.  Diabetic food selection has many rules to follow.  In fact, many rules do not have to be obeyed.  Diet will be planned.  Daily food will meet the needs of daily activities.  Food is normal food like other food.  It should be moderate and balanced according to the caloric needs of the body.  It contains sugary foods that slowly increase the blood glucose level, such as whole grains or whole grains, sugars and fibers and vegetables will be more, and oils and fats will be less.  Fruits that are high in sugar should also be eaten in moderation.  Food should be such that blood sugar levels are maintained at normal levels through exercise or medication if needed.  If you have diabetes, stop eating all your favorite foods!  Not really.  Eat in moderation.  And of course in a planned way.  Maybe the amount can be reduced a little.  If you have diabetes, you should always eat special ‘diabetic’ food.  This is not correct.  Diabetics can also eat food that other members of the household eat.

Precision in Medication and Nutrition for Diabetes Management

If you have diabetes, you can increase or decrease the dosage of the medicine as much as you want and eat whatever you want. A little more of the insulin or other medication can cause problems. No extra calories needed. Even when taking medicine, food should be moderate and balanced. Artificial sweeteners are dangerous in diabetes.  Artificial sweeteners are sweeter than sugar.  But low in calories.

How many calories will come from daily food is very important.  The higher the calorie intake, the higher the amount of insulin or medication. For this, to keep the body weight in ideal size and control diabetes, food should be balanced and according to needs.


Living with diabetes doesn’t mean giving up favorite foods entirely. Instead, it requires thoughtful and planned eating, moderation, and adherence to a balanced diet. Understanding the nuances of nutrition
empowers individuals to manage diabetes effectively.


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